General Information About Ephesus Ancient City
Ephesus was an ancient Greek city, located on what is now the western coast of Turkey. It was one of the largest cities in the ancient world, with a population that reached up to 250,000 people during its peak in the 1st century BC.
Ephesus was founded by Ionian Greeks in the 10th century BC, and it became an important center of trade and commerce due to its strategic location near the Aegean Sea. It was home to some of the most impressive architectural and engineering achievements of the time. It was also known for its famous Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
In the 4th century BC, Ephesus was conquered by Alexander the Great and later became a part of the Roman Empire. During this time, the city flourished and many important buildings were constructed, including the Library of Celsus, the Great Theater, and the Temple of Hadrian.
Ephesus also played an important role in the spread of Christianity. According to tradition, the apostle St. John lived in Ephesus during his later years, and the city was visited by St. Paul during his travels. The Virgin Mary is also said to have spent her last days in a house near Ephesus, which is now a popular pilgrimage site for Christians.
Today, the ancient city of Ephesus is an important archaeological site and a popular tourist destination. Visitors can see the ruins of many of the city's important buildings and monuments, including the Temple of Artemis, the Library of Celsus, and the Great Theater.
Today, the ruins of Ephesus are among the best-preserved ancient ruins in the world and are a popular tourist destination. Visitors can explore the ancient streets and see the remains of the city's impressive public buildings, temples, and monuments, as well as the impressive Terrace Houses, which were the homes of the city's wealthy residents.
The most famous attraction in Ephesus is the Library of Celsus, which was one of the most impressive buildings of its time and remains an iconic symbol of the city today. Other notable attractions include the Temple of Hadrian, the Great Theatre, and the Temple of Artemis, which, although now in ruins, was once one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.